If you need to remove the directory or any suffix from a file name you may use
basename, this is really useful when you are creating shell scripts.
In the man page, there are this examples
basename include/stdio.h .h
you can enter
to get this output:
File: *manpages*, Node: basename, Up: (dir) BASENAME(1) User Commands BASENAME(1) NAME basename - strip directory and suffix from filenames SYNOPSIS basename NAME [SUFFIX] basename OPTION DESCRIPTION Print NAME with any leading directory components removed. If speci- fied, also remove a trailing SUFFIX. --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit EXAMPLES basename /usr/bin/sort Output "sort". basename include/stdio.h .h Output "stdio". AUTHOR Written by FIXME unknown. REPORTING BUGS Report bugs to <firstname.lastname@example.org>. COPYRIGHT Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. SEE ALSO The full documentation for basename is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and basename programs are properly installed at your site, the command info basename should give you access to the complete manual. basename 5.97 January 2007 BASENAME(1)