Debian 6.0 “Squeeze” is about to be released, in fact some days ago, the Release Candidate 1, has been published, you can read about that here.
Debian, as you may already know does not have a tied release schedule, and the Debian team is famous for his “It will be release when it is read” philosophy, this surely makes Debian one of the most stable Linux distribution, and a great option for servers.
But specially (at least in my opinion) since Etch, Debian is also a great option for the Desktop, in fact I started using Sarge as my Desktop, but then switched to Etch. Almost immediately, I read about testing and switched to Lenny (Testing in those days) and stayed there.
In this post, I will show, the screenshots of the Graphical installer. Well, I’m going to fast, better start from the beginning.
Go, to the Debian installer page, as you can see, there are a lot of options there, I usually pick the net-install CD. But this time I have decided to go with the CDs version, and I’ve downloaded only the first CD.
When you boot your system with this CD, you are giving the option to use a graphical installer, which is the one I picked up. I recommend this for the Newbies, if you are not going to have an Internet connection while installing, you’d be better downloading the DVD version, or more than just one CD.
Here choose the graphical install option.
Choose the your language from the list.
Next step is to select your location, this will tell Debian, about which mirrors you may use, and also about the time zone for you.
If you’ve chosen one of those countries, will be sent to the keyboard layout, but in my case, I’ve chosen other, so I’m presented with this other screen.
To choose the continent, and then, with this other one:
To choose my country.
Then I had to choose the language, and locale:
Debian installer, will now ask you about your keyboard layout, choose the one your computer uses.
Now, it is time to define the hostname of your Debian PC, this may be anything if you are going to use this as your Desktop computer, but if you plan to use it as a Server, you’d better choose the same name the A record of you DNS server will assign to it.
With the domain, is the same as with the hostname, if it is your Desktop or laptop, it may be anything, if it is your server, choose the domain where it will be.
It is now the turn, of a very important step, the root password, pick a real good one, and remember to change it periodically, never give it to anyone, use sudo command, to give access to root privileges to other users. Mix letter, numbers and symbols.
As important as having a good root password, is to have a simple account which you should use for the every day use, and even better. disable root ssh login, and use that other account to log into the system, you can switch to root with
su - command. This way a hacker will need to guess your login name first, and then your password. This is done in three steps, the first one is to give the full name of that first user.
Step two, is your username, try to keep it as secret as you password, to increase security.
Finally, choose a good password for your user.
Let’s now choose the time zone, this will only be presented to you if you have chosen a country with more than one time zone, like USA, Russia, Brazil, etc. In my case I have chosen Bolivia, so the time zone is automatically set to Bolivian time zone, which is only one.
In, my case I went to disk partition wizard
I have chosen the automatic process, as I had a new disk on the virtual machine, you may need to choose other option, if you already have another OS on that PC. Then I have been presented with the tool, to select the disk, where I want to install Debian, I had only one option.
Now, you will have to choose, how to distribute folders in the partitions of your disk, I almost always put all on only one partition. There are a lot of discussions all over the web about which configuration is better and why, we are not going to cover that here.
Now, you have your chance to review your disk configuration, and decide if you are OK with it, or you want to change it.
And finally, your last chance to change your mind, or to write the partition configuration to the disk.
If you have downloaded more than one CD or DVD, in this step, you will have the option to scan it.
And then, you will have to configure your mirror, to download any application you do not have in your CD set. Is not a good idea, to choose “no” in the next screen, unless you have no connection to the internet in that moment. Of course, you can configure apt later.
On the next three screens, you will select the best mirror for you.
On the next step, you can choose if you want or not to participate in the popularity contest, you can read more about it here, I recommend you to participate, and help the community.
Time to choose, the applications to you want to install on your computer.
You are almost done, two more steps.
Be sure to choose the right place to install grub. If this is your first or the only OS on your computer, choose the MBR of the first disk, if not, you may want to choose the first sector of the partition where you have installed Debian. For example: /dev/sdb1 or something else.
Now reboot your PC, and you are done!
A little bit more about Debian
If you install Debian, you will not be disappointed, it is excellent for the Desktop, you can choose to use testing for your Desktop and Stable for your servers.
The good thing about using Debian on your Desktop, is that you are always familiar with its administration, and then when your server fails, you have the skills to troubleshoot it.
Enjoy your Debian!.