Varnish is a powerful reverse proxy that can balance the load of multiple web servers, and cache the required pages at the same time. You can read more about it at its home page
Now we all know that debugging is an important part of installing, configuring and fine tuning any piece of software, and that goes to
varnish too, and
varnishlog is a great utility to help you while debugging varnish.
As the name says, it display Varnish logs, but if you have a very busy site, and your run it with no parameters you will hardly follow the logs in the screen, so your first option to solve this, is to write the logs to a file and analyze them later.
varnishlog -w /home/user/varnishlogs.log
You can then use
less to view the document. But you’ll have too much information to digest and it would be better to filter it by IP or some other field. We normally use
grep to do that, but in the case of
varnishlog the info is placed one field by line so grep is not useful.
Here an example, of the
17 SessionOpen c 126.96.36.199 47013 :80 17 ReqStart c 188.8.131.52 47013 487860892 17 RxRequest c GET 17 RxURL c /find-Linux-command-to-find-files-on-your-disk 17 RxProtocol c HTTP/1.1 17 RxHeader c Host: www.go2linux.org 17 RxHeader c Connection: Keep-alive 17 RxHeader c Accept: */* 17 RxHeader c From: googlebot(at)googlebot.com 17 RxHeader c User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +http://www.google.com/bot.html) 17 RxHeader c Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate 17 RxHeader c If-Modified-Since: Sun, 24 Jul 2011 16:10:35 GMT 17 VCL_call c recv lookup 17 VCL_call c hash hash 17 Hit c 487859722 17 VCL_call c hit deliver 17 VCL_call c deliver deliver 17 TxProtocol c HTTP/1.1 17 TxStatus c 304 17 TxResponse c Not Modified 17 TxHeader c Date: Mon, 25 Jul 2011 16:28:26 GMT 17 TxHeader c Via: 1.1 varnish 17 TxHeader c X-Varnish: 487860892 17 TxHeader c Last-Modified: Sun, 24 Jul 2011 16:10:35 GMT 17 TxHeader c Cache-Control: public, max-age=300 17 TxHeader c Vary: Accept-Encoding, Accept-Encoding 17 TxHeader c Connection: keep-alive 17 TxHeader c X-Cache: HIT 17 TxHeader c X-Cache-Hits: 1 17 Length c 0 17 ReqEnd c 487860892 1311611306.344539404 1311611306.344666958 0.000112295 0.000054836 0.000072718
We can now filter for any of those fields, and only show the records that contain certain value for a specific field. Let’s see an example.
varnishlog -c -o RxRequest GET
Will show all records (like the one above) that have the field RxRequest with GET value. You can also list all records for an specific IP
varnishlog -c -o SessionOpen 184.108.40.206
You can also write everything to a file with
varnishlog -w /home/user/varnish.log
and then read from there filtering with:
varnishlog -r /home/user/varnish.log -c -o SessionOpen 220.127.116.11
As you can see
varnishlog can be very useful, if you can filter the info you really need.