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mv - Linux command, to rename or move files

Date: 2007-08-30 00:00:00 -0400

mv is a utitily to rename or move files or directories, it only physically moves the file when the source file system is different from the destination file system.

Check here the complete man page.

MV(1) User Commands MV(1)


   mv - move (rename) files


   mv [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST


   Rename SOURCE to DEST, or move SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

   Mandatory  arguments  to  long  options are mandatory for short options

          make a backup of each existing destination file

   -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

   -f, --force
          do not prompt before overwriting

   -i, --interactive
          prompt before overwrite

   --strip-trailing-slashes remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE

   -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
          override the usual backup suffix

   -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
          move all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

   -T, --no-target-directory
          treat DEST as a normal file

   -u, --update
          move only when the SOURCE file is  newer  than  the  destination
          file or when the destination file is missing

   -v, --verbose
          explain what is being done

   --help display this help and exit

          output version information and exit

   The   backup   suffix   is  ‘~’,  unless  set  with  --suffix  or  SIM?
   PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version control method may be selected via  the
   --backup  option  or  through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
   Here are the values:

   none, off
          never make backups (even if --backup is given)

   numbered, t
          make numbered backups

   existing, nil
          numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

   simple, never
          always make simple backups


   Written by Mike Parker, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.


   Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.


   Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   This is free software.  You may redistribute copies  of  it  under  the
   terms       of       the      GNU      General      Public      License
   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.  There is NO WARRANTY,  to  the
   extent permitted by law.


   The  full  documentation  for mv is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
   the info and mv programs are properly installed at your site, the  com?

          info mv

   should give you access to the complete manual.

mv 5.97 January 2007 MV(1)


You need write and execute permission for the parent directory, but not for the file to be moved itself


mv archive archive.txt

With this example you will rename the file archive to archive.txt

mv archive.txt /home/user/archives/

This command will move archive.txt to the directory /home/user/archives/ and will have the same original name.

mv -u file1 file2

With this last command, you will prevent that if file2 exists and is newer that file1, the command will not be executed.

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